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Mexico is a large country, covering 760,000 square miles of the North American continent. Because of it's large size the climate in Mexico can vary significantly, depending upon the location.
Mexico has some of the best climate in the world! It's located just far enough north in latitude to avoid the extreme heat and humidity that most countries have that are located closer to the equator. Yet it is far enough south to avoid the harsh winters that can hit much of the United States and Canada.
Much of Mexico lies within the Tropics, those perfect latitudes on either side of the Tropic of Cancer that usually provide warm days and balmy nights. As with most parts of the northern hemisphere, the further south you go in Mexico the warmer it gets!
Although Mexico has everything from barren deserts to snow-capped peaks, most of the country offers a more moderate climate. No wonder the government's slogan for Mexico is "Feel the Warmth of Mexico"!
It's always fun to check out the current Mexico OCEAN WATER TEMPERATURE!
For interesting weather and climate information visit the NASA EARTH OBSERVATORY web site.
For additional information on protecting your skin while enjoying the tropical Mexican sun take a look at the SUNSCREEN TIPS section of Mexico Expo.
For information on Mexico's climate visit the MEXICO CLIMATE section of Mexico Expo.
The biggest influences affecting the weather in different parts of Mexico are
The latitude in Mexico spans across over 17 degrees, ranging from the mountains in the north to the tropical jungles in the south. The further south one goes in Mexico the warmer the climate tends to be.
This combination of altitude and latitude makes the weather in Mexico pretty predictable and very nice most of the time.
BAJA PENINSULA CLIMATE
Most of the Baja Peninsula is desert and coastal plain, with a ridge of moutains running the length of the Peninsula in the middle. The southern portion of Baja is located within the tropics, and is somewhat affected by tropical influences.
In general the climate in Baja tends to be warm and dry most of the year. While western Baja features a mild climate similar to southern California, eastern Baja along the Sea of Cortez is deprived of most of the prevailing westerly winds and is usually warmer and less humid that the western portions of the Peninsula. Tropical storms and hurricanes can occassionally affect the lower one third of the Baja Peninsula on both coasts.
The ocean water temperatures in Baja drop as low as 60 degrees by March of most years, and then increase to the 80 degree range by late August. Ocean water temperatures at the Cape tend to run about 10 degrees warmer than the rest of the Peninsula.
MAINLAND MEXICO CLIMATE
Aside from the coastal areas, much of mainland Mexico lies at relatively high elevations. These higher altitudes, combined with the lower tropical latitudes, create mild and warm climate conditions throughout most of mainland Mexico.
The coastal areas of mainland Mexico lie mostly in the tropics, providing warm and sunny weather most of the year. During the hot months from late June through October, high humidity can create late afternoon rains and occassionally tropical storms and hurricanes visit the coastal areas.
While daily temperatures along the coast vary little from day to night because of the moderating affects of the Pacific Ocean, inland and mountain temperatures can vary significantly, especially in the higher elevations.
The ocean temperatures along most of mainland Mexico's coastline drop to about 70 degrees in March, and them begin to heat up into the high 80's by late August.
YUCATAN PENINSULA CLIMATE
The Yucatan Peninsula is located completely in the tropics, and it receives the same climate influences as mainland Mexico. The main difference in the Yucatan Peninsula is the elevation. Most of the Yucatan is very flat and close to sea level. These lower elevations allow for warm days and temperate evenings all year long.
Like southern Baja and coastal mainland Mexico, the Yucatan Peninsula is affected by higher humidity and occassional tropical storms hurricanes from late June through October.
Ocean water temperatures along the Yucatan Peninsula reach their lows in early Spring, in the low to mid 70's. Ocean temperatures then begin rising and peak out in August and September in the mid to high 80 degree range.